It’s the people we care about when we read. If we don’t care about the character, chances are we won’t finish the book.
So the first lesson on characterization is this: Let your character be themselves. They should have a fully formed personality, and they should not deviate from who they are for any reason—even if it’s to fit your plot.
I say, mold your plot around your character, not the other way around.
Of course, we want to see growth and change in a character. Those kinds of things should happen through the story as the character undergoes new challenges and must make difficult choices. Perhaps they learn something about themselves they never knew before—or refused to recognize.
That’s all fine. But ultimately, we want to see a character who does, says, and chooses exactly what you, as the author, set them up to do, say, and choose.
Easy, right? Uh…
- Be consistent. If your main character hates talking on the phone—and that’s not a flaw you want them to have to overcome—then they never talk on the phone. This is an easy one, I know, but still. All those nuances you’ve given your character? They should serve a purpose. Some are flaws you’ll want them to overcome, and others are the fine details all characters need to be made into three-dimensional people a reader will care about. So if they drive slow, they never drive fast. If they can’t talk to girls, then they don’t suddenly start snapping off witty remarks with females. It’s in these little details that readers will recognize the care with which you molded your characters.
- Give your character something to believe in. There’s nothing more boring than vanilla, even if it is delicious. We want to read about a character that has passions, dreams, troubles. Because we have passions, dreams, and troubles. If the MC is just getting up and going to school every day, the book’s a snooze-fest. If you give your character something to believe in, or something to care about, that establishes a motivation for their growth and change. This worthy cause/motivation is also good for your plot.
- When writing, put your MC in a high-stress, angry, or tense situation. What do they do? What might they say? Write it out. This will establish how the character will act during your climax—as this is one of the most troubling spots for authors to keep their characters in, well, character.
- Lastly, if something feels off in your novel and you don’t know what, start by evaluating your character. More often than not, the flaw lies in their development or their subsequent consistency.
Elana is the author of the Possession series, which includes full-length novels POSSESSION and SURRENDER, and short stories REGRET (ebook only) and RESIST (free here!).
Elana wishes she could experience her first kiss again, tell the mean girl where to shove it, and have cool superpowers like reading minds and controlling fire. To fulfill her desires, she writes young adult science fiction and fantasy. Using her boring human powers, she graduated from Southern Utah University with Summa Cum Laude honors in Elementary Education with a minor in Mathematics. She started her teaching career as an upper grade music and art specialist. After a four-year stint in 3rd grade, she is currently the technology specialist.
In her world, Oreos and bacon would be the only food groups. Everyone would drive 10 over the speed limit. Winter would be eliminated as a season, and Jeff Probst would be President. As it is, she lives with her husband and two kids in central Utah, gets cited when she drives too fast and eats Oreos only on special occasions.
She is the author of From the Query to the Call, an ebook that every writer needs to read before they query. She runs a personal blog on publishing and is a founding author of the QueryTracker blog, a regular contributor to The League of Extraordinary Writers, and a co-organizer of WriteOnCon. She is a member of SCBWI, ANWA, and LDStorymakers. CLICK HERE to find her elsewhere around the web.
Elana is represented by Michelle Andelman of Regal Literary.
Toe the line between rule-following and rule-breaking in this tense and twisted start to a smart and sexy dystopian trilogy.
Vi knows the Rule: Girls don’t walk with boys, and they never even think about kissing them. But no one makes Vi want to break the Rules more than Zenn…and since the Thinkers have chosen him as Vi’s future match, how much trouble can one kiss cause? The Thinkers may have brainwashed the rest of the population, but Vi is determined to think for herself.
The thrilling and seductive sequel to Possession puts love on the line in a dystopian struggle for independent thought.